Germany, Berlin Travel Guide
This content was last updated on 25.07.2022 11:34
Table of Contents
Berlin, which is one of the 16 states of the Federal Republic of Germany, consists of 12 administrative districts. Berlin, one of the leading cultural and political capitals of both Germany and Europe, is one of the most important cities in the world.
General Information About Berlin
Berlin is Germany's largest city in terms of population. The population of Berlin city center is around 3.7 million.
The official currency of Germany is the Euro. The official language of Germany is German. Berliners speak a little German with an accent. English is more known to those living in the west of the city. The electrical voltage is 220-250 Volts. You do not need to take an adapter with you, as the usual two-hole sockets are used.
Berlin, the capital and largest city of Germany, is one of the most visited cities in Europe with its deep-rooted history and cultural atmosphere. It has turned into a city that has increased in popularity in recent years and has begun to receive the attention it deserves. The city is literally an open-air museum with its palaces bearing the traces of the Prussian Period, heritage structures of the Cold War Period and museums with rich collections.
When to go to Berlin
Berlin is located close to the north of Germany. So it's a pretty cold city. Even in summer, the average temperature is below 20 degrees. In winter, it is freezing cold and traveling may not be enjoyable. That's why I suggest you go in the summer season. You can take your spring clothes with you when you go.
Transportation from the Airport to the City
There are many options for transportation from Berlin Tegel airport to the city center. You can use the S-Bahn, U-Bahn, TXL or X9 airport express buses or a taxi.
There is no direct access to the city center by metro or train, you have to transfer. TXL buses are the most preferred among these options. Buses waiting just outside the airport reach the center in 30 minutes. One-way ticket price per person on all buses, subways and trains is 2.80 Euros.
If you are going to the center by taxi from the airport, you have to pay about 50 Euros. Public transport in Berlin is well developed. You can reach hundreds of stops, especially with the train S-Bahn and the subway line U-Bahn. The ticket vending machines at the stations are very easy to use. One-time tickets are 2.8 euros, and daily unlimited tickets are 6.9 euros.
You can check the official transport site of Berlin at: https://fahrinfo.bvg.de/Fahrinfo/bin/query.bin/en
Urban Transportation in Berlin
Berlin is a big and mixed city, it is very difficult to get around on foot. So do not tire yourself and use the subway. As in the whole of Germany, Berlin is very advanced in the rail system.
The subway system, called S-Bahn and U-Bahn, has surrounded the city. The combination of the U-Bahn, which has 10 metro lines, and the S-Bahn, which is the fastest thing that takes you from point A to point B, will never disappoint you. Train rail system transportation for every place is so developed that if you are very muscled, you can see all the attractions in the city even in 1 day. Of course, we do not recommend this, but know that this is the case because there are 173 stations in total.
While the U-Bahn does not operate only between 1 and 4 am on weekdays, it operates 24 hours on weekends. Tickets are a bit expensive when you buy one way, 2.80 euros. That's why you can buy a daily ticket directly instead of buying a one-way ticket, and it costs 7 euros. In addition, weekly tickets are also available and cost 30 euros. If you go as a group, you pay a total of 20 Euros if you buy a daily group ticket covering up to 5 people. If you are a student and you can prove it, these ticket prices become discounted, keep in mind.
If you say you can't go by train, you will not have any problems with that. It can be said that the majority of taxi shopkeepers are Turks.
Places to Visit in Berlin
1. Brandenburg Gate
Brandenburg Gate is at the top of our list of places to visit in Berlin due to its magnificent appearance.
The Brandenburg Gate was built between 1788 and 1791 on the orders of the Prussian King "Friedrich Wilhelm III".
The sculpture named Quadriga on the top of the building was created by Johann Gottfried Schadow.
2. Reichstag (Parliament Building)
The Reichstag is a structure that attracts visitors throughout the year. The glass dome adorning the roof provides high interest in the building.
Completed in 1999, the dome not only offers travelers a panoramic view of Berlin, but also allows more sunlight to enter the building.
In order to climb the dome and enjoy the unique view, it is absolutely necessary to make a reservation on the website.
3. Berlin Cathedral
This impressive Neo-Renaissance Basilica is Berlin's largest church.
It is also the headquarters of the Evangelical Church in Germany.
4. East Side Gallery
With a length of 1.3 kilometers, it is the largest open-air gallery in the world.
Known as the Alex for short, it is the central square of Berlin.
It is an ideal place for those who want to enter modern life, have fun, relax or shop during their visit to Berlin.
6. Potsdamer Platz
You can watch the performances of street artists and visit open-air exhibitions in the square, which symbolizes the modern face of Berlin.
The square contains a few fragments of the Berlin Wall, and you can see that visitors have traditionally glued chewing gum to pieces of the wall. The Sony Center, famous for its shops, restaurants, luxury suites, Film Museum, movie theaters and Legoland, is also located in Potsdamer Platz.
7. Checkpoint Charlie
During the years when Berlin was divided into two (1961-1990), Checkpoint Charlie, one of the three crossing points in the city, displays memories of the Cold War period. When you come here, you can see the soldiers on guard, the barriers and the signal system that is not prepared for the crossings, and you can imagine a little how it would feel to live in those days.
8. Museum Island
It is a museum complex with an area of exactly 1 square kilometer located in the northern part of a small island on the River Spree, which passes through the Mitte district of Berlin.
The collection, which had been divided into east and west since 1945 with the reunification of Germany in 1990, was reunited. Museum Island has been on UNESCO's World Heritage List since 1999.
9. Berliner Fernsehturm
It is a television tower located in the city center of Berlin, very close to Alexanderplatz square. The tower, which was built between 1965 and 1969 and is seen as the symbol of the city, can be seen from the city center and some suburbs. At 368 meters tall, the tower is the tallest structure in Germany.
10. Charlottenburg Palace
It is Berlin's largest palace, built in the late 17th century and expanded during the 18th century. Baroque elements were used when the palace was built in the Charlottenburg district. Attention was also paid to the surroundings of the palace, especially parking areas were established and trees were planted at the back of the palace. The palace, which suffered heavy blows during the Second World War, fell into ruins but was again restored. The palace and its garden are one of Berlin's top tourist attractions.
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